Philosophy: Reference: Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Page 2
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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
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Chinese Room Argument
John Searle's thought experiment is one of the best known counters to claims of artificial intelligence.
Prolific stoic of Soli, and disciple of Cleanthes.
Cicero, Marcus Tullius
1st century BCE Roman orator and philosopher of the New Academy.
Stoic philosopher of Assus in Lydia, disciple of Zeno of Citium.
17th century 'Cambridge Platonist' who fought for preservation of religious ideals, including divine illumination.
17th century critic of Hobbes and the neo-Platonists.
5th century BCE Pythagorean philosopher of Syracuse.
Introduction to one of the most significant philosophers concerned with philosophy of mind and action of the 20th/21st century.
Explores the deism of Hobbes, Locke, Tindal, and the influence of Hume.
The deism of Voltaire and Rousseau.
4th century BCE philosopher of Abdera who expanded the atomic theory of Leucippus.
Philosopher of the second century CE. who tried to revive the philosophy of the Cynic School.
Early modern philosopher who rejected religious authority in the quest for scientific and philosophical knowledge.
Leading light of the 20th century American school of thought known as pragmatism.
The most prominent of the French Encyclopedists and one of the leaders of the Enlightenment.
3rd century biographer of ancient Greek philosophers.
Diogenes of Apollonia
Pupil of Anaximenes and contemporary of Anaxagoras in the 6th cn. BCE.
Diogenes of Sinope
4th cn. BCE cynic philosopher of Sinope.
13th century Dominican mystic who was almost forgotten until Franz von Baader revived his memory in the nineteenth century.
Group of ancient philosophers who sought to reach by selection the highest degree of probability in the search for truth.
Egoism, Psychological and Ethical
Maintains that the individual self is the motivating moral force and the end of moral action.
The theory that all derived or secondary things flow from the primary.
5th century BCE philosopher who combined medical study with Orphic mysticism.
18th century British philosophical movement which maintained that all knowledge comes from experience.
Group of French philosophers and men of letters who collaborated in the production of the famous Encyclopedie.
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