Philosophy: Reference: Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Page 3
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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
: Page 3
Eminent Stoic philosopher, born as a slave at Hieropolis in Phyrgia in 55 CE.
4th century BCE materialist, empiricist, and hedonist. One of the major philosophers of the Hellenistic period.
Introduction to ethics, with links to other articles at the IEP.
4th century BCE native of Megara, and founder of the Megarian or Eristic sect.
Contemporary applied ethical issue considering whether it is morally permissible for a third party to end the life of a terminally ill patient who is in intense pain.
Introduces evolution through the ages, from the ancient Greeks, through Leibniz and Descartes to Darwin and Spencer.
Ferrier, James Frederick
The earliest absolute idealist in English philosophy.
Fichte, Immanuel Hermann
Aimed to secure a philosophical basis for the personality of God.
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb
One of the major figures in German philosophy in the period between Kant and Hegel.
Lenghty article on the father of psychoanalysis who is generally recognised as one of the most influential and authoritative thinkers of the twentieth century.
Italian physicist and astronomer, born 1564.
The German reaction to empiricism, including related theories of Kant, Fichte, Hegel and others.
Greek sophist and rhetorician, known as "the Nihilist," born in 483 BCE.
The philosophical currents of Ancient Greek philosophy are introduced, from the Presocratic philosophers through to Proclus.
19th century exponent of the Scottish common-sense philosophy.
Hartmann, Karl Robert Eduard Von
19th century German philosopher who attempted to combine the idea of Hegel with the will of Schopenhauer in 'spiritual monism.'
Hegelians, St. Louis
19th century group of amateur American philosophers founded and led by William Torrey Harris.
Helvetius, Claude Adrien
One of the 18th century Encyclopedists who held the skeptical and materialistic views common to that school of philosophy.
Hempel, Carl Gustav
A leading member of logical positivism, the German philosopher died in 1997.
5th century BCE. Presocratic Greek philosopher.
Herbert of Cherbury, Edward
17th century historian, poet (brother of George), and philosopher. Sought to determine the nature and standard of truth, and conditions of knowledge. Precursor of the philosophy of Common Sense.
Hippias was a sophist, a contemporary of Socrates, and an enthusiast for universality.
Follower of Kant, founder of the Aristotelian Society.
Brief article on Erasmus and the Italian humanist movement.
Schlick, Carnap, Reichenbach, and others made up the Austrian school of philosophy in the 1920s, which has been influential in analysis of scientific thought.
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