Philosophy: Reference: Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Page 4
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Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
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Leader of the German phenomenological movement.
Huxley, Thomas Henry
19th century zoologist and advocate of Darwinism.
Form of monistic materialism which maintains that mental states and brain activities are identical.
Examines the nature and justifications of interfering with another polity or choices made by individuals.
Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich
18th century German philosopher, famous for effective criticism of Kant.
Just War Theory
Some of those who have attempted to justify war include Aquinas, Grotius, and Pufendorf.
Theory that law is manufactured according to certain social conventions.
5th century BCE founder of atomism.
Libraries, Ancient Greek and Roman
Describing the public libraries of Ancient Greece, and the fashion for book-collecting in Rome.
Article on the life and work of the influential philosopher.
French scholastic theologian of the 12th century, influenced by Abelard.
Lotze, Rudolf Hermann
19th century German philosopher who criticised the pantheism of Hegel.
Roman poet and advocate of Epicurean philosophy.
Renaissance philosopher who remains controversial for his practical solutions to problems of how to retain political authority.
17th century Cartesian philosopher. Author of The Search After Truth (1674-1675).
Third century BCE Greek philosopher and satirist.
Mill, John Stuart
19th leader and prophet of utilitarianism, heir to the Hume-Bentham line, and influential force in modern political theory. Author of On Liberty (1859), and Utilitarianism (1863).
Andrew Latus, St. Francis Xavier University, summarizes the discussion between Thomas Nagel and Bernard Williams on the question: Can luck ever make a moral difference?
Standards that govern human behavior objectively derived from the nature of human beings.
Used in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to describe knowledge of God drawn from nature.
The revival of Greek philosophy in 3rd century BCE, led by Plotinus and his disciple, Porphyry. Influenced by both Pythagoras and Plato.
Ockham, William of
Detailed biography of the 14th century Franciscan.
Father of the early Church, born around 182.
The doctrine of the solipsist is that existence means my existence and that of my mental states.
18th century British theologian.
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